Executive summary

Executive summary

Year at a glance in 2022


476,196 students were enrolled in WA schools. This included: 318,332 students in public schools and 157,864 students in non-government schools. 66.8% of WA students were enrolled in public schools. We had 1,139 schools across 8 education regions. We were responsible for 826 public schools, including 4 new schools. There were 313 non-government schools, up 1 from 2021. 77.1% of public school students were in metropolitan schools (76.8% in 2021), 15.8% were in regional schools (16.0% in 2021) and 7.1% were in remote or very remote schools (7.2% in 2021). 27,943 (82.4%) of WA’s 33,928 Aboriginal students were enrolled in public schools. 96.2% of all our staff were employed in public schools; 41,087 of our full-time equivalent staff.

For further enrolment data, refer to Appendix 1. For further workforce data, refer to Staff.


Year scorecard

We supported our state government goal of ‘Safe, strong and fair communities: Developing healthy and resilient communities’ through our desired outcome ‘School students across Western Australia have access 
to high quality education’.

Key performance indicators helped us assess and monitor the extent to which we achieved this outcome and enhanced our ability to account to the community for our performance. Our results in 2021–22 against agreed targets are in Table 1.

Table 1: Key performance indicators, summary of performance against the targets in the 2021–22 Budget Papers

Effectiveness indicators Target (a) Result
Rate of participation in education (proportion of persons aged 15 to 17 years in some form of education) 100% 95.5%
Retention in public schooling (proportion of Year 7 public school cohort studying in Year 12) 82% 80.4%
Western Australian Certificate of Education (WACE) achievement rate by Year 12 public school students 82% 81.1%
Year 3 public school students achieving proficiency in:
  – Reading
  – Numeracy
69%
69%
68.6%
65.9%
Year 5 public school students achieving proficiency in:
  – Reading
  – Numeracy
71%
67%
71.3%
66.2%
Year 7 public school students achieving proficiency in:
  – Reading
  – Numeracy
68%
65%
64.3%
61.9%
Year 9 public school students achieving proficiency in:
  – Reading
  – Numeracy
70%
68%
69.3%
70.1%
Efficiency indicators Target (a) Result
Service 1: Public primary education
  – Cost per student full-time equivalents $16,688 $17,374
Service 2: Public secondary education
  – Cost per student full-time equivalents $19,639 $20,209
Service 3: Regulation and non-government sector assistance
  – Cost of non-government school regulatory services per non‑government school $7,470 $6,116
  – Cost of teacher regulatory services per teacher $118 $103
Service 4: Support to the School Curriculum and Standards Authority
  – Cost per student of support to the School Curriculum and Standards Authority $81 $80

(a) Targets for 2021–22 are as reported in the 2021–22 Budget Papers.
Source: Education Business Services, and System and School Performance


Further information is in Key performance indicators.

Executive summary - 2


Year in dollars

The total cost of providing our services in 2021–22 was $5.8 billion. Figures 1 and 2 summarise sources of revenue and cost of services. Full details of financial performance during 2021–22 are in the Financial statements.

Figure 1: Revenue sources 2021–22

Revenue sources presented as a doughnut chart. In 2021–22, Revenue sources were as follows: 76.21% Income from state government, 19.60% Australian Government grants and contributions, 2.05% User contributions, charges and fees, 1.79% Other revenue, and 0.35% Interest revenue.

Source: Education Business Services

Figure 2: Costs 2021–22

Costs presented as a doughnut chart. In 2021–22, Costs were as follows: 76.85% Employee benefits expense, 16.89% Supplies and services, 4.61% Depreciation, amortisation and impairment expense, 0.60% Finance costs, 0.59% Grants and subsidies, 0.30% Accommodation expenses, and 0.16% Other expenses.

Source: Education Business Services

 

Our results in 2021–22 against agreed financial targets (based on Budget Statements and the Resource Agreement) are in Table 2.

Table 2: Budget targets compared to actual results 2021–22(a)

  2021–22
Target(b)
$m
2021–22 Estimated Actual(c)
$m
2021–22
Actual
$m
Variation
Actual vs Estimated
Actual
Variation
Actual vs
Target
$m %(d) $m %(d)
Total cost of services (expense limit)
No material variance
5,629.0 5,801.5 5,822.5 21.0 0.4 193.5 3.4
Net cost of services
No material variance
4,283.2 4,390.1 4,438.5 48.4 1.1 155.3 3.6
Total equity
No material variance
15,485.3 18,405.6 16,864.0 (1,541.6) (8.4) 1,378.7 8.9
Net increase/(decrease) in cash held
The decrease in cash held was mainly due to the cost of COVID-19 leave and additional personal leave that was paid throughout the year, as well as the reprofiling of cashflows within the Asset Investment Program.
(40.7) (25.8) (69.7) (43.9) 170.2 (29.0) 71.3
Approved salary expense level(e)
No material variance
3,862.0 3,920.6 3,976.8 56.2 1.4 114.8 3.0
Agreed borrowing limit
No material variance
399.5 398.0 388.6 (9.4) (2.4) (10.9) (2.7)
  Agreed limit(f)
$m
2021–22
Target(c)/Actual
$m
Variation
$m
Agreed Working Cash Limit (at Budget) 276.4 276.4
Agreed Working Cash Limit (at Actual)
The Department’s working cash actual was within its working cash limit at 30 June 2022.
277.4 92.7 (184.7)

(a) Results in brackets indicate a negative value.
(b) Original budget as specified in the 2021–22 Budget Statements.
(c) Final adjusted 2021–22 budget (2021–22 Estimated Actual) as specified in the 2022–23 Budget Statements.
(d) Material variances are defined as +/- 10% of the respective financial target. Further explanations are also contained in Note 10.1 ‘Explanatory statement for controlled operations’ to the financial statements and in the ‘Spending Changes’ of the 2022–23 Budget Statements – Budget Paper 2 (Volume 1, pages 363–364).
(e) In addition to the Salary Expense Level, an Executive Salary Expenditure Limit was introduced by the state government in 2021–22. The target of $5.85 million was incorporated in the Department’s resource agreement, and the Department operated within this target in 2021–22 ($5.53 million).
(f) As specified in the Department’s original 2021–22 Resource Agreement.

Source: Education Business Services